Yangon and electricity

Two 33/11 kV, 5 MVA power sub-stations inaugurated in succession. Photo:MOEE
Two 33/11 kV, 5 MVA power sub-stations inaugurated in succession. Photo:MOEE

By Swe Oo Wai

It’s a time when Yangon was being transformed into an international level city. While it was recognized as a commercial capital of Myanmar by many, there certainly is need for all round development of the town. Provision of sufficient power supply is becoming the main requirement toward development of businesses and investment, both local and foreign, to flow into the city. For this reason, four projects to generate 1,170 MW of electricity in Yangon Region were being implemented in fiscal year 2019-2020.
Yangon had a population of about 7 million with 29 industrial zones. Electricity requirement of households as well as industries were increasing and the four projects aim to meet this requirement.

Four new projects
Of the four new projects, one is Thilawa LNG power station in Kyauktan Township. It is a power station that will generate 350 MW of electricity using LNG. The power station will be constructed within the designated time frame to produce electricity.
The other one is also a LNG power station constructed in the compound of Thakayta gas fired power station in Thakayta Township. This LNG power station will generate 400 MW of electricity and it was also being constructed within the designated time frame to produce electricity.

Fulfilling electricity requirement
Ahlon Natural Gas Power Station constructed in the power station compound of Ahlon Township will also generate 151 MW of electricity once completed. A power station constructed in Yangon Region Seikkyi-Khanaungto will generate 400 MW of electricity. These four new power stations will be generating more than 1,000 MW of electricity and will fulfill the electricity power requirement of Yangon Region.
Yangon Region was being supplied with 87.76 percent of its electricity power requirement. Once the power generation projects conducted with Union budget, Yangon Region government budget and loan were completed, electricity requirement to all households will be met until 2020-2021.

Opening ceremony of Kawhmu-Wabalaukthauk33/11 kV, 5 MVAsub-station in progress on 7, December.  Photo: MOEE
Opening ceremony of Kawhmu-Wabalaukthauk33/11 kV, 5 MVAsub-station in progress on 7, December.  Photo: MOEE

Time provided for preparation
Black outs in Yangon dropped significantly this year. Upgrade of underground power lines, repair and replace where necessary of transformers resulted in only short term and temporary power cuts. The short term and temporary power cuts were also scheduled and announced rather than outright failures enabling the public enough time to prepare for the power cuts.
Kawhmu Township Wabalaukthauk sub-station and Kunchangon Township Letkhokgon-Poyinsu sub-station were opened by Yangon Electricity Supply Corporation (YESC) on 7 December 2019 distributing electricity to about 3,900 households from 20 villages in Kawhmu Township and about 2,200 households from 9 villages in Kunchangon Township.

National power grid system
Due to this, area of electricity supplied in Yangon Region from the national power grid system was gradually increasing improving the socio-economic and living conditions of people living in rural area.
In addition to Kawhmu and Kunchangon townships, new sub-stations were opened in Hmawby Township Tatkyigon, Okekan Town Kyuntawkon and Aphyauk Town.

Control usage of electricity
Electricity fees were increased to a certain extent in July 2019 making the public to cut back on unnecessary usage of electricity resulting in reduction to the amount of electricity unit consumed. It was due to the cooperation and participation of the public that resulted in controlling the usage of electricity. There were some negative feeling from the public about the increase in electricity fee but they were now able to control household usage of electricity.
1.38 million consumers in Yangon Region were reported to be using about 717 million unit of electricity. In a press conference with the media, YESC said electricity unit consumption declined to 695 million units after the electricity fee was raised in July 2019.
While Ministry of Electricity and Energy, Yangon Region government and YESC implement projects and programs to provide full and uninterrupted power supply and the public controls their usage of electricity, more electricity can be provided to industrial zones, special economic zone and industrial cities where it was required.

19 percent increase in annual electricity requirement
Companies from Japan and US were reportedly interested to invest in Myanmar power generation sector. Myanmar’s electricity generation was about 3,800 MW and electricity requirement was increasing annually by about 19 percent. This mean the yearly power generation needs to increase by 300 to 500 Mw according to publication by Ministry of Electricity and Energy in November 2019.
The power generation projects, once completed, will certainly support the development of Yangon. – Translated by Handytips

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