Seventeen million and five hundred thousand people die untimely, due to cardiovascular diseases each year. It is estimated that the mortality toll could go up to 23 million by 2030. Between the ages of 30 and 70, 1 out of 10 dies of cardiovascular diseases, and 31% of all deaths is due to cardiovascular diseases as well.
2018 commemorates the 40th anniversary of the formation of World Heart Federation. In collaboration with its more than 200 member countries, World Health Federation is taking initiatives in combating cardiovascular diseases. It focuses on eliminating the use of tobacco and smoking, reducing lack of treatment and eradication of rheumatic heart disease which demands the hundreds of thousands of children’s lives.
The main aim of celebrating World Heart Day is to reduce global mortality rate caused by heart diseases. The most threatening causes of cardiovascular diseases and stroke include: failing to control high blood pressure, high sugar level in blood, smoking, lack of taking nutritious food, insufficient eating of fruits and vegetables, gaining weight and obesity.
World Heart Day effectively draws people’s attention to heart illness as a major cause of death globally.
Myanmar also participates in such efforts, fulfilling World Health Organization’s aim of reducing 25% of untimely death due to cardiovascular diseases by 2025.
We will be able to have a happier and healthy life just by changing and adopting certain practices of life style for our heart’s health.
Therefore, to obtain a healthy heart, let’s make our resolution to change certain practices and adopt those simple healthy life styles starting from this year’s World Heart Day!
Take only healthy food
– Take water and juice with very little sugar, instead of sugary juice and fruit juice.
– Take fresh vegetables instead of snacks.
– Eat a fistful of fruits and vegetables 5 times per day. You may eat fresh ones or from cold storage or tinned ones or dried fruits.
– Avoid taking alcoholic drinks. Otherwise, drink moderately.
– Reduce taking foods which are prepared with plenty of sugar, salt and fats.
– Prepare healthy lunch to be taken at work or school.
– Do moderate-intensity exercise 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week. If you could do vigorous-intensity exercise, do 75 minutes per week at different time.
– You can also do jogging, walking, house chores and dancing.
– It is essential to adopt an active life style on a daily basis. Instead of taking the lift, use the stairs at work. Either take a bicycle or walk, instead of driving the car.
– Watching exercise programmes from the Internet, and using the pedometer could let you know the progress of your exercises.
– Doing exercise with family members or friends gives you more fun and makes you more active.
– Encourage children to live an active life.
Do not smoke
– Avoiding smoking is truly supportive towards good health.
– After stopping to smoke for two years, there is a significant decrease in cardiovascular disease risk.
– 15 years after quitting, the risk of heart disease is the same as someone who has never smoked.
– Passive smoking could also cause heart disease.
– Quitting smoking or non-smoking is beneficial for your health as well as the health of those who share your environment.
– Consult a doctor and take advice from them, if you are in need of professional assistance.
– Encourage those you love to quit smoking.
– Work towards a smoke-free environment.
In addition, rising blood sugar is an indicator of diabetes. A majority of diabetics die of cardiovascular diseases. A person who does not know they have diabetes or a diabetic who ignores medical treatment are at risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases and stroke.
Hypertension is also the main culprit, causing cardiovascular. As hypertension does not show disease symptoms you may not know that you have hypertension. If one cannot control hypertensive condition or fail to take treatment, it could lead to a series of diseases, such as narrowing of blood vessels, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and degenerative vision. Therefore, if you have hypertension, it is pivotal to consult the doctor on a regular basis and take the prescribed medicine regularly.
Approximately, four million people die of high cholesterol. It is essential to check your cholesterol, body weight and body mass index. Only then you will know whether you are at risk of getting heart diseases. In case of need, you should take advice and treatment from professional doctors.
Therefore, to welcome the World Heart Day, do follow the appropriate practices for heart health and share this knowledge further to others. May all human beings possess a healthy heart.