Organic coffee is coffee produced without the aid of artificial chemical substances, such as certain additives, pesticides and herbicides. Coffee is the world’s second-most traded commodity after oil.
It is produced in some 40 countries across the world, with the major producers being Peru, Ethiopia and Mexico. Organic coffee is chiefly consumed in Europe, the United States and Japan.
Coffee-growing in Myanmar has a long history, and it is believed that Myanmar has been growing coffee since the British introduced Arabica plants to the Shan State. Coffee is now an important industry.
Today, coffee plants such as Arabica and Robusta are grown on a manageable scale in many regions, including Shan and Mon states in the country. Much of the country’s coffee output consists of lower-grade Robusta beans for instant coffee and export.
In the global market, organic coffee is emerging as one of the fastest growing segments. Among them, sustainable coffee is emerging as the most important segment, as it is beneficial to the environment, consumer’s health and also for the welfare of small coffee growers and workers.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation is working to plant 5,000 acres of coffee between 2018 and 2030, and to produce some 15,000 tonnes of coffee beans by 2030. Furthermore, during the coffee forum held in Nay Pyi Taw on 17 August 2017 to boost the coffee sector in Myanmar and generate more foreign income, the Ministry compiled the expert suggestions into 16 pieces of advice and drafted a strategic plan.
Coffee beans are mainly planted in Pyin Oo Lwin in the Mandalay region and Ywar Ngan Township in the Shan State. Their coffee beans are included in the good agricultural practice list of safe-to-consume coffee beans.
The Myanmar coffee market is seeing progress, and it had a 50-50 chance of drawing international interest in the beginning, according to a local coffee exporter, who has been receiving good reviews from new foreign customers.
Organic coffee is in high demand in developed countries and attracts a premium price in the market. This will improve the economic condition of the coffee growers. Another benefit of organic coffee cultivation is the preservation of the ecosystem.
Hence, maintaining product quality is essential to achieve our export targets. Our country’s coffee industry has a good chance of attracting investors, especially from Singapore, Japan and the United States.