Global New Light Of Myanmar

France-Croatia World Cup Final Vs Sleep Deprivation and Impact on Health

france croatia composite world cup 1998 72By Dr Aung Soe @ Aung Kyaw Moe
Retired State Medical Superintendent

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup soccer tournaments which started in mid-June 2018 has ended today with a final competition between France and Croatia.
World Cup attracts each and every football fan in all parts of the planet, including Myanmar. People all over the world have patiently waited for a long period of four full years to encounter this heart-thrilling occasion.

National game of Myanmar
Football may be regarded as a national game in Myanmar. It is played in urban as well as rural areas, on the streets, playgrounds, stadiums and even on mobile handset screens, creating joy, excitement, fitness and health. World Cup inspires the general public, regardless of age or gender, to initiate or to keep up playing football.

Life style modification
Physical exercise, along with healthy diet, cessation of smoking, moderation of alcohol, avoiding stress and strain, adequate sleep and relaxation, no doubt, is a major component of life style modification for good health and prevention of non-communicable diseases.

Non-communicable diseases
Non communicable diseases, as the majority of laymen know, include cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, strokes, diabetes, overweight, obesity, chronic occlusive pulmonary diseases, and so on.

Geographical distribution
Perhaps there may be some sleep deprivation for spectators due to time difference between country of play in the west or north and World Cup fans in the east or south, which unfortunately may create negative impact on the health.

Sleep mechanism
Roughly, optimum time required to sleep per 24 hours for an adult is seven hours, modern medicine describes. Sleep has a restorative function and is important for conservation of energy and growth.

Insomnia is a condition of inadequate quantity or quality of sleep. It may be a symptom of a depressive illness, an anxiety disorder or some other psychiatric condition. More commonly, it arises at a time of increased life stress; some people then become preoccupied with lack of sleep and fear trying to get to sleep. This establishes a vicious circle which perpetuates the problem.

Disturbances of sleep
Disturbances of sleep are common, and they may include watching FIFA World Cup. Apart from insomnia, patients may complain of excessive day-time-sleepiness, disturbed behavior during night-time sleep, the parasomnias (sleep walking and talking, or night terrors) or disturbing subjective experiences during sleep and/or its onset (nightmares, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis).

Normal sleep
Normal sleep is controlled by the reticular activating system in the upper brain stem and diencephalon. During overnight sleep, a series of repeated cycles of EEG patterns can be recorded. As drowsiness occurs, alpha rhythm disappears, after 60-80 minutes superimposed rapid eye movements (REM) occurs. A few minutes of rapid eye movements sleep is followed by another slow wave spell, and the cycle repeats several times throughout the night. The rapid eye movement periods tend to become longer as the sleep period progresses.

Sweet dreams
Dreaming takes place during rapid eye movements sleep, which is accompanied by muscle relaxation, penile erection and loss of tendon reflexes. Rapid eye movements sleep seems to be the most important part of the sleep cycle for refreshing cognitive processes. Deprivation of rapid eye movements sleep causes tiredness, irritability and impaired judgement. Overnight TV watching may be one example.

Fatigue and poor sleep
Excessive sleepiness in the day is most commonly due to inadequate night-time sleep related to fatigue and poor sleep hygiene, including the excessive television affinity. Somnolence due to disturbed night-time sleep particularly occurs after meals and during dull monotonous activities, such as long car journeys, particularly dangerous for Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw-Mandalay highway drivers!

Causes of sudden death
Causes of sudden death are numerous. Cardiac arrest, heart attack, pulmonary embolism, cerebro-vascular accidents, road traffic and other accidents, electrocution, etc., are among them.

Exactly four years back, during 2014 Brazil FIFA World Cup day, Xinhua News Agency released a report, saying, “overnight session watching the FIFA World Cup may have caused the death of a 25-year-old man in the eastern Chinese city of Suzhou, said a local hospital on Monday”.
“The man was found dead in his room early in the morning with his TV set still airing the football match. Doctors in the Xiangcheng People’s Hospital to which he was sent said they suspect his death was linked to staying up late watching the games, which are taking place in the middle of the night in China due to the time difference with tournament host country Brazil”.
“Although the doctors did not specify what exactly may have caused this fatality, exhaustion or a heart attack is possible factors. They warned football fans to be cautious about their health. Chinese have been burning the midnight oil to watch games broadcast from midnight to 6 am Beijing Time”, Xinhua News Agency said.
It is a controversial issue whether World Cup matches create sleep deprivation consequences. In 2014, people watching FIFA tournaments in Brazil and nearby countries did not suffer any sleep deprivation.
As a regular FIFA World Cup fan, old player in my younger days, as well as a media personnel, I was well-prepared before watching the France-Croatia Final, by prior adjustments for an adequate sleep before the tournament and long hours sleep after the match as a “ replacement therapy”.
Hope all the fans enjoyed the World Cup Final.

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