The Union Government, since it took office three years ago, has given first priority to the creation of jobs. At the same time, it realized that the main requirement for job creation was good roads, communications and electricity.
With good transport infrastructure and power supplies, some parts of Myanmar have seen an increase in job opportunities and a higher level of socio-economic development.
Good transportation systems have helped farmers quickly send their products to market without degrading the quality, and leading to creating more jobs in farming.
Focus should be on the farming sector for creating jobs, as about 70 per cent of the people are living in rural areas. We can now see that relying on imported edible oil is detrimental to our country’s economy. It slows down MSMEs and is a cause of unemployment. To see onions, garlic, lentils and other agricultural products being imported from foreign countries, when they can be cultivated right here in Myanmar, is an unfortunate sight.
This is why we need to empower basic-level businesses like these to turn around Myanmar’s economy, and also to create job opportunities, not only for edible oil production, but also to create a better model for the nation’s economy.
Another effort which can create jobs is vocational training. Once roads become usable and electricity is widely available, business persons come to invest in businesses.
We hope to fulfill 50% of the country’s electricity requirement before the end of this year. As we want 100%, we were not satisfied with 50%. But, still, there was progress. Two years ago, the nation was only providing about 30% of the required power and reaching 50% of the population, which meant the recent progress was close to double. This was, indeed, quite acceptable. It is also proof that our country is on the right track to nationwide electrification.
At the same time, we must promote the role of vocational skills of young people, because it will ensure the secure livelihoods of youngsters and turn them into innovative and qualified technicians at work sites.
Such qualified workers and technicians will support the development of their respective companies and will also benefit the country in implementing the Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan. Relevant authorities and partner organizations will also be required to cooperate and participate in the work processes of the National Skill Standards Authority (NSSA).
Vocational training is most important for those who have difficulties in continuing their formal education. Such courses need to strive towards improving the current work site capabilities.
In short, the nation must grasp job opportunities through free vocational training courses.